Parts of Speech

What is a Part of Speech?

We can categorize English Words in to eight types called parts of speech, or sometimes it is called word classes. They are nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions and interjections.

Parts of Speech List:

Here is a list of the eight parts of speech:

Fig-1: 8 Parts Of Speech in English
Fig-1: Infographic on 8 Parts Of Speech in English

1. Noun:

Nouns are the names of a person, a place, an object or an idea.

The following are a few examples of nouns:

  • Person: John, Peter, Sophie, Lily, Mike, Doctor, Teacher

  • Place: California, London, Chicago, France

2. Pronoun:

A pronoun is a word that is used instead of noun. Pronouns save you from having to repeat a noun over and over again. Some of the most common pronouns are: he, she, they, you, it, and we.

  • I will eat pizza today.

  • you are very friendly.

3. Adjective:

An adjective is a word that describes or clarifies a noun or pronoun by giving some information about the object's size, shape, age, number or colour.


  • It is a big chair.

  • He was wearing a red shirt.

  • There are nine rooms.

4. Verbs:

Verbs are words that show a physical action, mental action or a state of being.


  • Mary bought a dress.

  • They are playing.

  • Alice is going home.

5. Adverb:

An adverb is a single word, or a group of words, that modifies a verb, an adjective or another adverb.

An adverb tells us when, where, how and in what manner an action is performed.


  • James was sleeping peacefully.

  • She walked up the stairs very quickly.

  • Harry was talking very loudly.

6. Preposition:

A preposition is a word that shows the relationship between a noun or a pronoun and some other words in the sentence. They are usually used in front of nouns or pronouns.

Some of the most common prepositions are: at, for, to, from, on, etc.

  • Her school starts at 9 am.

  • He is going to the party on Sunday.

7. Conjunction:

A conjunction is a word that is used to connect other words, clauses or phrases in a sentence. The following are some examples: and, for, but, yet, so, because, although, until, while, when, etc.

  • She likes tea and coffee.

  • Are you going or staying?

8. Interjections:

An interjection is a part of speech that expresses emotion. They usually come at the beginning of the sentence. They are one to two words that can express happiness, sadness, anger or surprise.

You can punctuate them with an exclamation mark if they are showing strong emotions. You can use a comma or a period if the emotion is less strong.

The following are some examples:

  • Wow, what a wonderful day!

  • Brilliant, you solved the question!

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See Also:

English Grammar: