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What Are Adjectives

What Are Adjectives?

Definition: An adjective is a word that describes or clarifies a noun or pronoun by giving some information about an object's size, shape, number, age or colour. The following are some examples:

  • It is a big chair.

  • He was wearing a red shirt.

  • There are nine rooms.

What is an adjective?

Types of adjectives:


1. Descriptive adjectives:

Descriptive adjectives are used to describe the nature of the noun. These adjectives are used to describe the size, colour or shape of the noun.

  • You should eat green vegetables.

  • London is a big city.

  • She is a beautiful woman.

  • She is very tired today.

2. Numeral adjectives:

Numeral adjectives are used to describe the number of a noun or pronoun. The following are some examples of numeral adjectives.

  • He has eaten five chocolates.

  • Many people came to visit the fair.

  • Most players practise with their coach.

  • They don't have much food.

These adjectives are of two types:

a) Definite numeral adjectives:

Definite numeral adjectives are used to show the exact number of nouns. For example: one, two, three, first, second.

  • He ate two pizzas.

  • She got first prize in her class.

b) Indefinite numeral adjectives:

Indefinite numeral adjectives are used to show an inexact number of nouns. For example: some, much, any, few, many, most.

  • She bought some chocolates.

  • There are only a few chocolate left.

  • They don't have much money.

3. Demonstrative adjectives:

Demonstrative adjectives are used to indicate a particular noun or pronoun. The following are some examples of demonstrative adjectives.

  • That tall girl is his sister.

  • These flowers are beautiful.

  • I like those shoes.

  • This black car is mine.

4. Interrogative adjectives:

Interrogative adjectives are used to ask question about nouns or in relation to nouns. The following are some examples of interrogative adjectives.

  • What did you eat at school?

  • Which book is your favourite?

  • Whose pen is this?

  • Where did you buy this beautiful dress?

5. Possessive adjectives:

Possessive adjectives are used to specify the noun that belongs to someone. The following are some examples of possessive adjectives.

  • This is our house.

  • This is my book.

  • Your car is outside.

  • Her doll has long hair.

Singular Plural
my our
your your
his their
her their
its their

Comparative and Superlative Adjective:

In English, there are three degrees of adjectives.

1. Positive

2. Comparative

3. Superlative

1. Positive form

:

We use the positive form of adjective to talk about only one person, place, or thing. The positive form is a normal form of an adjective. An adjective that does make a comparison is said to be in positive form. For example:

  • She is a beautiful girl.

  • This school is big.

2. Comparative form:

We use a comparative adjective to compare two things. A comparative adjective is followed by than. For example:

  • She is taller than her sister.

  • This doll is bigger than that one.

  • This dress is more beautiful than that one.

3. Superlative form:

We use this form of adjective to compare more than two things, places, or persons. We use the in this form. For example:

  • He is the most intelligent person in this family.

  • She is the oldest lady in this house.

  • Mary is the prettiest girl in her class.

List of Adjectives:

  • new

  • long

  • old

  • small

  • large

  • good

  • last

  • few

  • lazy

  • angry

  • heavy

  • new

  • red

  • green

  • clever

  • famous

  • kind

  • many

  • fat

  • loud

  • weak

  • wet


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See Also:

English Grammar:

Adjective Worksheets:

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