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What is a Preposition

What is a Preposition?

A preposition is a word that shows the relationship between a noun or a pronoun and some other words in the sentence. They are usually used in front of nouns or pronouns.

Types of Prepositions:

Types of Prepositions
  • Time prepositions

  • Place prepositions

  • Direction prepositions

1. Prepositions of Time:

A preposition of time is a preposition that allows us to refer to a specific time period such as a date on the calender, one of the days of the week, or the actual time something takes place. We use at, on, and in for talking about time.

  • Her school starts at 9 a.m.

  • He is going to the party on Sunday.

  • My sister is coming on Monday.

  • He came home at 2 p.m.

2. Prepositions of Place:

This preposition is used to refer to a place where something or someone is located. We use on, under, and, in for talking about location.

  • He is sitting on the sofa.

  • The dog is under the table.

  • The blue pen is in the bag.

  • James prefers to read in the library.

3. Prepositions of Direction:

A preposition of direction gives us a sense of place and direction. We use these prepositions for talking about direction. Here in these sentences, words under and across are showing direction.

  • The cat hid under the sofa.

  • The car drove across the bridge.

Note:1. A preposition is followed by a noun. It is never followed by a verb.

Preposition Rules:

The following table shows some prepositions and their usage:

Prepositions Usage Examples
in for Months,
for Years
for Seasons
for part of the day
for period of time
in June
in 2004
in Summer
in the morning
in five years
at for time
for weekend
for part of the day
at half past five
at the weekend
at night
on days of the week
for public transport
to indicate a device
for special holidays
on Friday
on the bus, on a plane
on the phone
on the computer
on Good Friday
on Easter Sunday
till/ until no later than a special time till tomorrow
until tomorrow
for period of time
for point of time
for two weeks
since Friday

Note:2. A preposition always has an object.

Prepositions List

  • after

  • as for

  • above

  • at

  • as

  • among

  • around

  • across

  • before

  • behind

  • but

  • by

  • beside

  • beneath

  • between

  • below

  • down

  • during

  • despite

  • except

  • excluding

  • except for

  • for

  • from

  • in

  • in spite of

  • in front of

  • in case of

  • in addition to

  • inside

  • in to

  • including

  • like

  • minus

  • near

  • next to

  • of

  • on

  • outside

  • on account of

  • in spite of

  • past

  • until

  • up

  • upon

  • under

  • with

  • withen

  • without

Note:3. A pronoun following a preposition should be in objective form, not subjective form.

See Also:

  • Modal Verbs

  • Auxiliary or Helping Verbs

  • Finite and Non-Finite Verbs

  • Transitive and Intransitive Verbs

  • Mixed Worksheets: