What are Adverbs?

Let's learn Adverbs and their types

1. What Are Adverbs?

Definition: Adverbs are essential elements in English grammar. They provide extra information about verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs in a sentence. These words often answer questions like "how," "when," or "where." For instance, in the sentence, "She sings beautifully," the adverb "beautifully" tells us how she sings, adding depth and color to the sentence.

Adverbs enhance communication by giving more details, making our sentences more vivid and precise. Whether it's describing the speed of an action, the time it occurred, or the location, adverbs play a crucial role in conveying a clear message.

Understanding and using adverbs effectively can significantly improve your English language skills.

Let's consider the following examples:

  • James was sleeping peacefully.

  • Sam walks gracefully.

  • He is an extremely talented singer.

  • Nina plays really confidently.

Here the adverb "really" modifies the adverb "confidently".

Note: Many adverbs end in "ly", but this is not always true. For example: (fast, never, well, very, least, more, less, now, there)

Also, there are words, like "friendly" and "lovely", that end in "ly", but they are adjectives, not adverbs.

2. Types of adverbs:

Types Of Adverbs

2.1 Adverb Of Time:

An adverb of time tells us when something is done. These adverbs modify verbs.

Examples: yesterday, today, now, early, soon, recently.

  • Have you seen Sam today?

  • I will go to school early.

  • She bought a dress yesterday.

  • Alice stayed at her friend's house all day.

  • He is going to clean his car tomorrow.

  • I will do my homework now.

Rule: These adverbs are usually placed at the end of the sentence. Sometimes you can change the position of an adverb to give a different emphasis.

2.2 Adverb Of Place:

An adverb of place tells us where something (or the action) is done or happens.

Examples: here, there, outside, under.

  • You could wait here for a taxi.

  • Is he going there?

  • She is playing upstairs.

  • He can go outside.

Rule: The Adverbs of place are usually placed after the main verb, or after the object.

Many adverbs of place indicate movement and location.

2.3 Adverb Of Manner:

An adverb of manner tells us about the way something is done. These adverbs mainly modify verbs.

Examples: beautifully, badly, loudly, quickly.

  • She walked up the stairs quickly.

  • Harry was talking loudly.

  • They were listening carefully.

  • He is walking slowly.

Rule:These adverbs are normally placed after the main verb or after the object. We generally use adverb of manner with action verbs, not state verbs.

2.4 Adverb Of Frequency:

An adverb of frequency tells us how many times the action happens, or will happen.

Examples: always, often, sometimes, rarely.

  • She always comes late.

  • Sometimes he eats ice cream.

  • He goes for a walk daily.

  • She rarely answers her phone.

Rule: These adverbs are usually placed in the middle of the sentence. Sometime you can change the position of an adverb to give a different emphasis.

2.5 Adverb Of Degree:

An adverb of degree tells us the level and the degree in which a specific action is done. These adverbs can modify verbs, adjectives and other adverbs.

Examples: almost, much, nearly, quite, so, too, very.

  • George has almost finished his homework.

  • She is too late for her school.

  • Molly is very kind.

  • This house is absolutely wonderful.

  • He is completely busy today.

Rule: Adverbs of degree are placed before the word they are modifying.

Adverb Type Examples
early Adverb Of Time I will go to school early.
upstairs Adverb Of Place She is playing upstairs.
loudly Adverb Of Manner Harry was talking very loudly.
daily Adverb Of Frequency He goes to walk daily.
too Adverb Of Degree She is too late for her school.

3. Comparative And Superlative forms of adverbs:

3.1 Comparative Form:

We use a comparative adverb to compare two people or things.

  • She walks more carefully than her sister.

  • Alice runs faster than Mary.

3.2 Superlative Form:

We use this form of adverb to compare more than two people or things. It is used to show the degree to which an action has been performed.

  • It was the most beautifully decorated home.

  • She arrives the earliest of all the students.

The following table summarizes the types of adverbs and what they modify.

Type of Adverb Modifies
Adverb Of Time Verbs
Adverb Of Place Verbs
Adverb Of Manner Verbs
Adverb Of Frequency Verbs
Adverb Of Degree Verbs, adjective and adverbs

4. Adverbs list:

  • Today
  • Yesterday
  • Now
  • Early
  • Soon
  • Later
  • Here
  • There
  • Outside
  • Inside
  • Under
  • Backwards
  • Downwards
  • Suddenly
  • Softly
  • Loudly
  • Slowly
  • Regularly
  • Swiftly
  • Rudely
  • Rarely
  • Daily
  • Hourly
  • Always
  • Frequently
  • Regularly
  • Never
  • Almost
  • Enough
  • Too
  • Very
  • Extremely
  • Quite
  • Deeply

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See Also:

English Grammar: