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Conditional Sentences

Conditional Sentence:

Conditional sentences are made up of two clauses: One starting with if clause and the other one main clause. There are four type of conditional sentences.

1. Zero Conditional Sentence

Zero conditional sentence express fact, real situation or general truth. Simple present tense is used in both parts of the sentence. The following are some examples.

  • If you eat too much junk food, you get fat.

  • If I wake up early, I play tennis.

  • If you heat chocolate, it melts.

2. First Conditional Sentence

We use the first conditional to express a possible condition and its result in the future. We use simple present in if clause and we use will in the main clause. The following are some examples.

  • If you sleep, you will feel better.

  • If I hurry, I will catch the train.

  • If you work hard, you will pass the test.

3. Second Conditional Sentence

We use the second conditional to express a unreal condition and its result in the present or future. The following are some examples.

  • If I had more money, I would buy a plane.

  • If I had time, I would make a big house.

4. Third Conditional Sentence

We use the third conditional to express a past unreal condition. The following are some examples.

  • If you had worked hard, you would have passed your test.

  • If I had found her key, I would have given her.

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See Also:

English Grammar:

Physics:

Biology:

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