Four Types of Sentences in English Grammar

Types of Sentences

A sentence is a fundamental unit of communication in English grammar. It is a group of words that expresses a complete thought or idea. A good understanding of the different types of sentences is essential for effective communication and clear expression of thoughts and ideas.

A sentence usually contains a subject and a predicate.

English language has four types of sentences, each having a specific purpose and role.

  • Declarative

  • Imperative

  • Interrogative

  • Exclamatory

1. Declarative Sentence:

Declarative sentences are used to make statements and give some information. Declarative sentences always end with a period, and they have a subject and an object. Declarative sentences can be positive or negative. The following are some examples:

  • She lives in France.

  • He is my best friend.

  • They are not reading their book.

  • She likes swimming.

2. Imperative Sentence:

Imperative sentences are used to give order, advice, instruction, suggestion or make a request. An imperative sentence ends with a full-stop or exclamation mark, depending on the forcefulness of the command.

Imperative sentences can be positive or negative. In imperative sentence, there is usually no subject—because the subject is understood, it is YOU. Examples:

  • Get out!

  • Finish your work.

  • Keep quiet!

  • Don't give him tea.

To read more about imperative sentences visit the page: imperative Sentences

3. Interrogative Sentence:

Interrogative sentences are used to ask a question. These sentences always finish with question mark. Interrogative sentences can be positive or negative. Examples:

  • What did you eat at school?

  • Which book is your favourite?

  • Whose pen is this?

  • Will you not go there?

  • Don't you like cake?

4. Exclamatory Sentence:

Exclamatory sentences are used to express emotions like anger, love, happiness, surprise. These sentences always finish with exclamation mark. Examples:

  • What a beautiful house it is!

  • How beautiful the weather is!

  • Wow, What a wonderful day!

  • Brilliant, you solved the question!