Present Simple Tense

Simple Present Tense:

The simple present tense is used to describe facts, habits, schedules, opinions, and regular or repeated actions in the present time.

We use Simple Present Tense to describe:

  • Facts (general truth): Horse has four leg. Her new friend is a Doctor.

  • Opinions: I like chocolate.

  • Schedule: My school opens at eight.

  • Habits: James eats pasta everyday.

  • Regular or Repeated Actions: She travels to school by bus.

Usage of Simple Present Tense

Types of sentences using Simple Present Tense:

There are three types of sentences:

1.1 Affirmative Sentences:

Forming Affirmative Sentences: The third person singular (He, She, It) is used by adding "s" to the end of the verb.

Subject + Main verb + Object
He likes chocolate.
They eat pasta.

Please note: there are a few special cases. The following are the spelling rules:

1. For verbs that end in "-o", "-ch", "-sh", "-ss" , "-x" or "-z", we add "-es". See examples below:

Verbs ending in "-o", "-ch", "-sh", "-ss", "-x", "-z" add "-es"
go goes
wash washes
catch catches
fix fixes
miss misses
buzz buzzes

2. For verbs that end in a consonant + "y", we replace "-y" with "-ies". See examples below:

For Verbs that end in a consonant + y replace "-ies" with "-y"
study studies
carry carries
worry worries
marry marries

3. For verbs that end in a vowel + "y", we just add -s. See examples below:

Verbes ending in a vowel + "-y" Add "-s" to the verb
play plays
say says

Following are a few examples of positive sentences in Present Simple Tense:

  • The sun rises in the east.

  • Cats like milk.

  • I get up early in the morning.

1.2 Negative sentences:

Forming negative sentenses: To make a negative sentence we use "do not" or "does not" with the verb.

Subject + Auxiliary verb "do" or "does" + "not" Main verb
He does not like chocolate.
Theye do not drink tea.

For the third person singular, when the subject is he, she or it, we use "does not" to make a negative sentence. However, when the subject is first or second person, we use "do not".

  • She does not speak English.

  • You do not like chocolate.

  • I do not like her dress.

  • He does not go to school.

1.3 Questions or Interrogative Sentences:

Forming interrogative sentenses: We use auxiliary verbs "do" or "does" before the subject to make an interrogative sentence. As shown in the table below.

Auxiliary verb "do" or "does" + Subject Main verb
Does he like chocolate?
Do they like reading?

Following are a few examples of Interrogative Sentences:

  • Do you play tennis?

  • Does she like music?

  • Do they go to the park?

The Simple Present of the verb "to be":

Forming the simple present of the verb "to be": This done by adding the correct "to be" verb (is, am, are) to the subject. It takes the following form:

Subject + to be verb (is, am, are)

Affirmative Negative Interrogative
He is hungry He is not hungry. Is he hungry?
They are late. They are not late. Are they late?
I am cold. I am not cold. Am I cold?